Fisheries management addresses problems and conflicts generated around the exploitation of complex socio-ecological systems. Fisheries policy makers need to receive the most complete information possible to minimise the risks of their decisions in a scenario of uncertainty. In fisheries, moreover, decision-making must consider the different perspectives of the actors involved in the process. Therefore, decision-making must be based both on the consideration of the available scientific evidence and the context in which it will be applied and the perception of fishermen (tacit knowledge). However, policy formulation has tended to prioritise formalised knowledge over contextualised knowledge.
In the recent article published in Sustainability, our colleague Raúl Vilela has collaborated with members of the applied economics department of the University of Santiago de Compostela and the Spanish Institute of Oceanography, in the framework of the LIFE iSEAS project, to establish a theoretical framework that explains not only why the knowledge of different types of actors differs, but also why it should do so and why this divergence is useful for advancing fisheries management. To this end, they have integrated the theory of perception and the evolutionary theory of innovation, which has made it possible to introduce the concept of proximity.
The paper can be downloaded here:
Rodríguez-Rodríguez, G., Ballesteros, H.M., Martínez-Cabrera, H., Vilela, R., Pennino, M.G. & Bellido, J.M. (2021):
On the Role of Perception: Understanding Stakeholders’ Collaboration in Natural Resources Management through the Evolutionary Theory of Innovation
Sustainability 2021, 13, 3564. https:// doi.org/10.3390/su13063564Download document